When I first started searching for
technical information regarding STS-107 and the shuttle program in general, I
found many websites that were somewhat less than helpful. These are a few
of the more colorful theories I read.
shuttle was destroyed by a missile of unknown origin.
Chinese destroyed the Columbia using a giant laser or beam weapon.
Russians destroyed the shuttle using a giant laser or beam weapon.
Bin Laden snuck aboard the shuttle before launch.
(adding the numbers in the date and dividing by who really cares).
friends of Saddam
Hussein destroyed the shuttle.
Aliens destroyed the shuttle accidentally but rescued the crew before
breakup. (The website had a still from the reentry blown up to
the extent that it was not recognizable as such and claimed to see the
aliens helping crew members onto the alien ship).
never was a shuttle program and the government is simply trying to
cover it up.
spy satellite from an unknown nation was moved into the path of
Columbia as it began reentry.
destroyed the shuttle because we don't belong in space.
The only word that popped up
universally on these sites was HAARP. I began researching HAARP simply
because I didn't know what it was and managed to turn up dozens of research
papers. Rather than finding what I thought
would be a load of crackpot theories, I started seeing a device that could possibly destroy
the electronics of an aircraft, spacecraft or missile in the upper atmosphere. These technical papers dated back to
the 80's and early 90's with the history of the concept dating back to the late
50's. I now see not a crackpot theory but a device that has the potential
to cause the damage that resulted in the loss of space shuttle Columbia.
HAARP is presented only as a possibility for the damage
done to the space shuttle as it descended into the magnetosphere. If any
other source for such an EMP effect exists it is currently unknown to this
HAARP cannot or did not do
HAARP can do
did not destroy the Murrah building in Oklahoma City, 4/19/1995.
did not destroy the World Trade Center or damage the Pentagon on, 9/11/2001.
cannot cause earth quakes or significant weather events anywhere in
the world. (However, it does disrupt the upper atmosphere
so this may be debatable).
cannot read your mind or induce thoughts. You may now remove
the aluminum foil from your hats.
It is not responsible
for any of the various jumbo jet crashes which have occurred in the
last few years. (As far as we know).
The original theories
behind the HAARP project were developed in the 1950's as the result of atmospheric hydrogen bomb
tests. These tests created localized disruptions of the ionosphere that
lasted for some period of weeks or months and possibly years. Another
byproduct of the tests was a brief but powerful emission of high speed particles now known as an
Electro Magnetic Pulse (EMP). Later on It was determined that the
resultant stream of high speed Beta particles of the EMP were
capable of destroying electronic equipment well outside of the blast zone.
For the purposes of space warfare, the problem then was to recreate the effects
of the thermonuclear blast without detonating a bomb. The final design for
a missile defense system proposed introducing high power low frequency radio waves into the ionosphere using a
technique called circular polarization. This creates streams of high speed
beta particles that move along the magnetic field lines as well as stream out
into space and back again.
Portions of the patent for the system used at
the HAARP facility, (located in Gakona, Alaska), specifically describe it as a missile defense system.
An outlined version of the patent can be found on The Brother Jonathan website,
Patent. The patent in its entirety can be viewed and downloaded at the
US Patent Office website,
Patent 5,038,664. The text of the patent states,
"The plasma will be contained within adjacent [magnetic] field lines
and will drift to form a shell of relativistic particles around a portion of the
earth". A breakdown of the technical discussion contained in
the patent explains how such an effect is produced as follows.
Electromagnetic radiation of a given frequency, (1800 to 3600 kHz) transmitted
to a region of the atmosphere with an altitude of at least 250 km in conjunction
with another region of the atmosphere with an altitude of 1500 km receiving
electromagnetic radiation of with a frequency of (20 to 1800 kHz) sets up the
required field. This excitation sustained for 20 minutes causes electrons
or beta particles to travel back and forth between the two regions at nearly the
speed of light. These two regions then have a natural tendency to spread
out creating the shell of relativistic particles. Another statement in the
patent expresses the usefulness of this shell,
said shell is formed as an anti-missile shield". It
has been shown that an object, such as a missile, passing through a field
of relativistic particles such as that described here will almost certainly
suffer significant damage. Examples of this damage would be burn through
of the outer skin, severe damage to electronic components (even those that are
shielded) and the possible ignition of explosives such as the warhead trigger.
Most vehicles passing through such a field would probably see all three types of
damage. Far more detailed
explanations are contained in the patent.
When operating in
missile defense mode the HAARP transmitter broadcasts high power low frequency
radio waves in the circular polarization pattern described in the patent.
Any missile attempting to reenter the atmosphere would pass through the region
of high speed particles damaging or destroying its electronics and guidance
systems rendering the projectile unable to reach its target or possibly causing
it to burn up during reentry. At the very least the trigger mechanism for the
nuclear warhead would be destroyed letting the missile crash safely into the water
or land without detonating. Many of the details of this technology can by
found in the related documents shown below as well as a search on the internet.
The official website for the HAARP project is at, www.haarp.alaska.edu/
Smith at the The
Brother Jonathan Gazette is the most credible independent source of
information on the HAARP project that has been found so far. His
information includes the history of HAARP and detailed but straight
forward descriptions of how it works. Marshall Smith is also the only
individual known to monitor the HAARP signal on a regular basis. His HAARP log
for February 1, 2003 indicates that HAARP was operating in missile defense mode
starting about 90 minutes before Columbia's reentry and then for about 90
minutes afterward, about 3 hours total. The following table is his HAARP
log for that morning.
2HAARP on. 3.39 MHz. Very weak. Military mode
HAARP still on. Stronger but still faint.
HAARP still on but very weak
HAARP still on. -- On Fox News Chan -- first announcement that shuttle is missing -- NASA reports no contact since 6am
HAARP still on but very weak
HAARP no longer on. Off about 7:20
Times are Pacific Standard Time.
Marshall Smith is the only known source for this information there is no
secondary source for the purposes of verification.
The frequency of 3.39 MHz is that required to produce
the shell of relativistic particles as stated above, (3.39 MHz = 3390 kHz).
The stated frequency range is 1800 to 3600 kHz and 3390 kHz falls near the
upper end of the range.